53.1/2022

Rafael González Fernández, Francisco Fernández Matallana, José Antonio Zapata Parra, José Javier Martínez García y Miguel Martínez Sánchez
PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) (p. 7-41)
DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.1

The excavations of the 2021 archaeological campaign in the principal necropolis of the Roman villa of Los Villaricos have uncovered the remains of a Visigothic sarcophagus in a context of late reuse of the villa. This discovery provides new examples of late Christian funerary rituals and revives the debate on some elements of early Christian symbolism, such as the staurogram. The use of laboratory analysis, the review of the scientific literature written to date and the study of this new piece have focused attention on the importance of the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula in the Visigothic period.

KEY WORDS: NECROPOLIS, LATE ANTIQUITY, SARCOPHAGUS, STAUROGRAM, OMEGA, ALPHA

Lua Valenzuela-Suau, Sílvia Valenzuela-Lamas i Jordi Hernández-Gasch
PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) (p. 45-66)
DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.2

During 1400 BC the inhabitants of the Balearic archipelago started to use islets, beaches and capes. Some researchers have related these new archaeological sites with the exploitation of the sea and the rise of maritime contacts, reflected by the arrival of exogenous materials (ivory and tin). On this study, the faunal remains from s’Illot des Porros site (Santa Margalida, Mallorca) dated from the Middle and Late Bronze Age (ca. 1400-850 cal. BC) are analyzed to characterize its formation origin and functionality, as a way to contribute to the understanding about of the use of this type of archaeological site.

KEY WORDS: ARCHAEOZOOLOGY, BRONZE AGE, BALEARIC ISLANDS, ISLET, FEASTING

Sara Barbazán Domínguez, Eduardo Ramil Rego y Hugo Lozano Hermida
PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) (p. 67-88)
DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.3

This paper presents the results of the study of common pottery from the hillfort of Agra dos Castros (Lugo), located on the outskirts of the current city of Lugo. This hillfort seems to begin its occupation at some time prior to the change of era, continuing its development under the protection of Lucus Augusti. Here we will try to characterize the (local) pottery production and wares typologically and determine the chronological evolution of the site’s occupation, qualifying, as far as possible, the pre­viously established phases. The study of this site assemblage will help us to define the wares produced in this period as well as determine the sphere of influence of the civitas.

KEYWORDS; ROMAN PERIOD, NORTH-WESTERN IBERIAN PENINSULA, HILLFORTS, LUCUS AUGUSTI, POTTERY

Violeta Moreno Megías
PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) (p. 89-111)
DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.4

This article reflects on the pre-Roman pottery tradition of Turdetania and changes to that tradition resulting from the Roman conquest, within the framework of transformations understood as Romanization. The relationship between both pottery traditions is analysed on the basis of not only morpho-typological but also technological aspects (scarcely addressed in previous research) and their social readings. This work proposes a perspective that derives from the craftsmen’s role as actors in the interpretation of various aspects of the local population’s material expression in the face of Roman cultural influence. Finally, new lines of research are identified that can develop the aspects raised.

KEYWORDS: CRAFTSMANSHIP, POTTERY TRADITION, LATE IRON AGE, ROMANIZATION, TURDETANIA, BAETICA

Fabiola Salcedo Garcés and Estefanía Benito Lázaro

PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) (p. 113-133)

DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.5

In ancient North Africa, contacts between colonising newcomers and previous populations have always provided a complex cultural frame within which religious characteristics can be analysed. A comparative examination of some rock sanctuaries located in the area of Cyrene reveals a clear interaction between Greeks, Romans, and ancient Libyans. It also shows that the religious expression of the ancient Libyans was strongly linked to nature, following an uninterrupted tradition from the Neolithic until Roman times. The chthonic religious character of these sanctuaries is also attested by a type of iconography that illustrates the process of hybridity between Punic, Greek, and Roman deities.

KEYWORDS: ROMAN AFRICA, ANCIENT LIBYA, CYRENE, ROCK SANCTUARIES, ICONOGRAPHY, HYBRIDITY

María José Estarán Tolosa
PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) (p. 135-158)
DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.6

The rich epigraphical record from Saguntum and the historical events that took place in the city during the Second Punic War make it a unique case study for understanding how the city’s inhabitants gradually adopted the Latin language and Roman epigraphical culture and how that same population readapted its own indigenous epigraphical habits in light of new incoming cultural stimuli. This paper seeks to explore this larger linguistic process through an exhaustive study of Saguntum’s epigraphic and numismatic records dating from the Late Republic to the beginning of the Empire.

KEYWORDS: SAGUNTUM, BILINGUALISM, IBERIAN EPIGRAPHY, LATIN EPIGRAPHY, NUMISMATICS, ONOMASTICS

Javier Andreu Pintado y Aitor Blanco-Pérez

PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) (p. 159-176)

DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.7

This paper presents a very singular Greek mark on a piece of glass, probably from the base of a bottle, found as a result of the archaeological excavations currently underway in the Roman city of Los Bañales, in the Ebro valley (Spain). After a general review of the application and purpose of Roman epigraphy in the case of glass vessels, it is argued that the inscribed mark probably refers to the name of one of the uitrarii attested in the Mediterranean. On the basis of palaeographical and archaeological criteria, a chronology for the piece is also offered.

KEYWORDS: GREEK EPIGRAPHY, EPIGRAPHY ON GLASS, ROMAN GLASS, ROMAN TRADE, LOS BAÑALES DE UNCASTILLO

Álvaro Corrales Álvarez
PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) (p. 177-201)
DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.8

This paper proposes to undertake a new reflection on Roman architectural models and their transmission in the case of the private houses of Augusta Emerita (Mérida, Spain), through the filter of a range of house types of Mediterranean tradition. The foundation of the colonia Augusta Emerita in the first century BC led to the assimilation of the construction typologies of residences focused on atria and peristyles, successful models tested across the Empire. From an architectural point of view, the houses of Augusta Emerita do not belong only to the Italian tradition, but present elements of different characterization.

KEYWORDS: HOUSES, URBAN LAYOUT, GIS, LUSITANIA, 1ST CENTURY BC-4TH CENTURY AD

Juan E. Padilla-Sánchez, Sebastián F. Ramallo Asensio y Arturo Morales Muñiz
PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) ISSN: 0079-8215 EISSN: 2339-9171 (p. 203-217)
DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.9

This paper provides details of the find of an ostrich tarso-metatarsal recovered in rubbish dumped in the market/warehouse that from the mid- 5th century AD to the beginning of the 6th century AD was built over the Roman Theatre of Cartagena. The association of the find with late Antique structures overlying a building for entertainment in such a significant port offers important insights on the trade, society and culture of the time. In contrast with the abundant data reported by the classical and iconographic sources, only three ostrich remains have been thus far reported from the Mediterranean archaeological record.

KEY-WORDS: OSTRICH, LATE-ANTIQUITY, EXOTIC FAUNA, TRADE, COMMENSALITY, CARTAGENA

Jorge Morín de Pablos, Isabel Sánchez Ramos y José Ramón González de la Cal
PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) (p. 219-241)
DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.10

This paper focuses on the results obtained from fieldwork and excavations carried out at the archaeological site of Los Hitos (Arisgotas, Toledo) from 2014 up to 2020. This work has developed as part of a wider project of multidisciplinary research on the territory of the Visigothic Kingdom of Toledo, which also includes other significant Late Antique places of power within the Iberian Peninsula. The aim is to present the on-going research into this important rural complex that was connected with the Visigothic elites of Toledo, especially the architectural and spatial study of its most representative funerary, ecclesiastical and residential buildings. The multi-disciplinary methodological approach is based on the combination of remote sensing, photogrammetry, the optical macroscopy of mortars, pollen, polarity, hydrology, and archaeomagnetic dating. All these scientific disciplines allow us to reconstruct the natural and cultural landscape of this settlement, and put forward new proposals on the connectivity, organisation, prestigious architecture and functionality of this unique Late Antique architectural complex in the western Mediterranean.

KEY WORDS: LATE ANTIQUITY, IBERIAN PENINSULA, VISIGOTHIC KINGDOM, COUNTRYSIDE, ARCHITECTURE OF POWER, RURAL SETTLEMENT, ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCES