The sarcophagus of the Late Roman necropolis of Los Villaricos (Mula, Murcia)

Rafael González Fernández, Francisco Fernández Matallana, José Antonio Zapata Parra, José Javier Martínez García y Miguel Martínez Sánchez
PYRENAE, vol. 53 núm. 1 (2022) (p. 7-41)
DOI: 10.1344/Pyrenae2022.vol53num1.1

The excavations of the 2021 archaeological campaign in the principal necropolis of the Roman villa of Los Villaricos have uncovered the remains of a Visigothic sarcophagus in a context of late reuse of the villa. This discovery provides new examples of late Christian funerary rituals and revives the debate on some elements of early Christian symbolism, such as the staurogram. The use of laboratory analysis, the review of the scientific literature written to date and the study of this new piece have focused attention on the importance of the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula in the Visigothic period.

KEY WORDS: NECROPOLIS, LATE ANTIQUITY, SARCOPHAGUS, STAUROGRAM, OMEGA, ALPHA